Eiffel Tower was not privately funded

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Aabhas Maldahiyar 🇮🇳@Aabhas24Columnist| Urban Designer|Author| Ex-Marxist | My latest book #ModiAgain (story of my transformation) preorder at garudabooks.com/modi-again/Dec. 01, 2018  5 min read

1/n @FarOutAkhtar Read few facts about Eiffel Tower below👇🏼. It actually wasn’t a private funded property. Ref: Gustave Eiffel’s book “The 300m tower”. @RatanSharda55 @vivekagnihotri @vibhor_anand @_NAN_DINI @GitaSKapoor @Sanjay_Dixit @DimpleAtra @DikshitSmita @prafullaketkar

Farhan Akhtar

It’s a false equivalence. Both the Eiffel tower and Empire State Building were built by individuals using private funds. The statue has been built using public money. Here endeth the discussion. https://twitter.com/hvgoenka/status/1068210932080304128 …

Harsh Goenka

Indians when in Paris: Look at Eiffel Tower. Why can’t we build such structures?
Indians when in New York: Look at Empire State Building. Why can’t we build such structures?
Indians when in India: Look at Patel’s Statue. Why can’t we build a hospital or school instead!


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2/n When Gustave Eiffel won the competition organized in May 1886 for the construction of his tower, he signed a concession contract. Details below👇🏼As written by Gustave E

3/n Project submission and approval

I’ll be able to make,for the history of this period,large loans to the magistral General Report of Mr. Alfred Picard,Inspector Gen of Bridges and Roads,Section Presi to the Council of State,today Commissioner General of the Exhibition of 1900.

4/n “These indications (on the high metal piles) highlight & show at the same time how much in the most considerable works we had remained far from the height assigned to the Tower of the Champ de Mars.

5/n Mr.Eiffel’s broad role in the study & exec.of wrk of this kind:by his sc,his exp,the considerable progress he has made in assembly processes,of his workshops,this eminent bldr ws the perfect choice to undertake the colossal work that hs definitively established his reputation

6/n The company was well-suited to tempt a skilful, experienced and daring builder, like Mr. Eiffel: he did not hesitate to assume the charge and submit firm proposals to the Minister of Commerce and Industry, in order to understand the Tower as part of the 1889 World Fair.

7/n In the mind of Mr. Eiffel, this colossal work was to be a brilliant manifestation of the industrial power of our country, attesting to the immense progress made in art metal constructions, celebrating the unprecedented growth of civil engineering…contd..

8/n …during this century, attracting many visitors and contributing greatly to the success of the great peaceful assizes organized for the Centenary of 1789.

9/n The openings of Mr Eiffel were well received by the Administration. When, on May 1, 1886, Mr Lockroy , then Minister of Commerce and Industry, stopped the competition program for the 1889 Exhibition he inserted the following article:👇🏼

10/n Competitors will have to study the possibility of raising on the Champ de Mars a square base iron tower, 125 meters wide at the base and 300 meters high.

11/n They will include this tower on the plan of the Champ de Mars, and, if they deem it suitable, they may present another plan without the said tower.
It can be said that from that time work was decided in principle.

12/n A few days later, on May 12, 1886, Mr. Lockroy set up a Commission for the study and examination of the project of execution which I had presented.

14/n The convention
Commission met at the Ministry of Trade and Industry,May 15, 1886. In this first meeting,the Minister recalled that the final adoption of the project presented by MG Eiffel remained subordinate to the subsequent decisions of the Commission of control & finance

14/n Minister also recalled that the current Commission was exclusively responsible for examining the project from a technical point of view and issuing a reasoned opinion on the benefits it presents and any changes it might entail.

15/n The Commission heard the explanations given by Mr G. Eiffel and entrusted the detailed study of the plans and the verification of the calculations to a Sub-Commission composed of MM. Phillipps, Collignon and Contamin.

16/n At its second meeting, held on 12 June, the Commission received the report submitted by Mr. Collignon on behalf of the Sub-Commission and, by a vote, unanimously adopted the following conclusions: this report.

17/n Then, at the invitation of the Minister, she examined the various other tower projects which the Minister had seized in the interval between the two sessions. After having successively examined the projects presented by MM.

18/n Boucher, Bourdais, Henry, Marion, Pochet, Robert, Rouyer and Speyser, the Commission rejected several of them as impracticable, some others as insufficiently studied, and finally, on the proposal of Mr. Alphand, she declared to the unanimity, that…contd…

19/n …the tower to be erected for the Universal Exhibition of 1889 should offer a definite character, that it should appear as an original masterpiece of the metal industry and that the Eiffel Tower seemed to be the only answer fully to this goal.

20/n Consequently, the Commission, within the limits of the purely technical mandate entrusted to it, proposed to the Minister the adoption of the Eiffel Tower project, subject to the double reservation that the engineer-builder would have to study in a more precise way.

21/n The mechanism of the elevators, and that three specialists, MM. Mascart, Becquerel and Berger, would be asked to give their reasoned opinion on the measures to be taken concerning the electrical phenomena that might occur. (Extract from the minutes of the Commission)

22/n Final Treaty
“On 8/1/1887, Mr. Lockroy , Minister, Commissioner Gen of the Exhibition, Dustbin,Prefect of the Seine,duly authorized by the Council Municipal, & Eiffel,bidder,signed an agreement under which the latter definitely committed to run the 300-meter tower.

23/n And to put it into operation at the opening of the Exhibition of 1889.

Mr. Eiffel remained under the control of the engineers of the Exhibition and the Special Commission set up on May 12, 1886. He received:
Contd from 24/n onwards…PS(Tweet limit)

24/n Contd from 23/n
1. A subsidy of 1,500,000 francs, in three terms, the last of which is due upon receipt of the book;
2. The authorization to operate the Tower for the duration of the Exhibition, both from the point of view of public ascension and from the…

25/n…point of view of the installation of restaurants, cafes or other similar establishments, under the double provided that the price of the ascent would be limited, on ordinary days, to 5 francs for the summit…

26/n … and 2 francs for the first floor, and Sundays and public holidays, 2 francs for the summit and 1 franc for the first floor, and that the concessions of cafes, restaurants, etc., would be approved by the Minister;

27/n 3. The continuation of enjoyment for twenty years from January 1, 1890.

At the expiration of this last period, the enjoyment of the Tower was to return to the City of Paris,which was also substituted for the State in the property of the monument, soon after the Exposition

N/n MG Eiffel recovered more money than invested in first 20 years of operation. Later the revenue started being diverted to the government.
It wasn’t actually a private investment. @FarOutAkhtar I can send out scanned images of the book in case you doubt authenticity. TY.

N/N1 Sadar Pranam @Javedakhtarjadu sir. Last time I had caught Farhan insulting Mr Goenka. 👆🏼 is a thread (28 tweets) where I had to explain his misinfo abt Eiffel Tower. Can u school him too pl. cc @ShefVaidya @pradip103 @KanchanGupta @Sanjay_Dixit


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